Poland’s government adopted a plan to accelerate its transformation to clean energy and nuclear energy. Poland seeks renewables and nuclear power as a way to meet its energy goals. The country’s new energy policy would create around 300,000 jobs. Poland aims to reduce its dependence on coal and calls to obtain 23% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030, compared with 13% at present. The recently adopted energy plan foresees an increase in wind energy and the opening of Poland’s first nuclear power plant in 2033. Poland will invest around 33.7 billion euros in nuclear energy and will build six reactors from 2033 to 2043, with a capacity of six to nine gigawatts. Financing of the nuclear would be challenging but Poland had concluded that nuclear energy has a crucial role in providing baseload power in the energy system stressed Adam Guibourgé-Czetwertyński, Poland’s undersecretary of state for climate and environment. In October, Poland signed a nuclear intergovernmental partnership with the USA to cooperate the development of Poland's civil nuclear power programme. Currently, Poland holds talks regarding a financial scheme and a type of technology to the potential partners i.e. USA, France and South Korea. The government will chose a final location for reactors in 2022. For now, many places, which are situated in the north and central part of country are taken into consideration. Poland’s Climate Minister Michał Kurtyka underlined that a quite natural choice would be the Baltic coast. So far, Poland has no nuclear reactors. In the 1980s, construction of a first plant began at a small town on the Baltic coast, but the construction was abandoned in 1990. Source: [...]
“We are convinced of the strength of the arguments put forward by Poland. Currently, our cooperation with the European Commission on OPAL and many other key topics for EU energy security is constructive and undertaken in a spirit of a very good cooperation” said Michał Kurtyka, Polish Minister for Climate and Environment after the ECJ Grand Chamber questioned the Commission, Poland and Germany on the OPAL case and the significance of European energy solidarity. On January 13, 2021, the European Court of Justice held the last hearing of parties on European Commission's 2016 Decision which granted Gazprom access to full capacity of the OPAL. The hearing closed a formal part of the proceedings in the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice (2nd instance) on the German plea against the 2019 General Court’s (1st instance) ruling which stated that the Commission had breached the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU while issuing the OPAL Decision back in 2016. Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia called to uphold the 2019 ruling. The Court of Justice decided to organize a rare plenary sitting of the Grand Chamber (15 Judges). This suggests it may wish to push for a clear interpretation of the principle of energy solidarity in its final ruling as well as deliberate on the legal obligations of Member States and the EU Institution, something that has been eluding the Union since the Lisbon Treaty. Likely, it will be a landmark ruling for countries that have argued for solidarity and energy security to be pillars of the European Union for years. – The hearing at the Grand Chamber of the Court [...]
Construction of the largest photovoltaic power plant in Central and Eastern Europe will start in 1Q 2021 in Pomerania, Northern Poland. The photovoltaic power plant in Zwartów will have 203 MW of installed capacity and will produce approximately 6 TWh of energy over the entire life cycle of the plant. It will reduce by at least 5 million tonnes of CO2 by 30 years. The project was awarded a 15-year contract for difference with the state in a renewables auction last year. The value of the power plant after construction will amount to approximately 200 million euros. This project will supply around 153.000 households with green electricity in the future, meeting the needs of about as many people as live in the city of Gdansk. The planned solar farm in Zwartów is to be finalised in 1Q 2022. The ambitious project will contribute to increase the share of renewables in the power system. According to the Polish National Energy and Climate Plan, solar capacity is expected to reach 7.3 GW by 2030 with about half installed by 2025. Source: CEEenergy, Biznes Newseria, [...]
CEEP welcomes the possibility to provide feedback to the Commission’s Inception Impact Assessment on the revision of the Ambient Air Quality Directives (AAQD). Clean air is essential for the health of people and the environment. Air quality is a major global, complex issue that needs to be addressed effective with prompt actions and with relevant legislation that allows to cooperate at global, national and regional level across different sectors. Today, the level of air pollutants has exceeded the EU thresholds and is responsible for millions of premature deaths every year. All the pollutants covered by the AAQ Directive have harmful effects and cause breathing difficulties, lung and heart diseases or trigger asthma symptoms. We recommend to reflect on the most recent scientific evidence on the harmful effects of air pollution and align the existing framework with the WHO Guidelines. CEEP acknowledges a need to take actions in order to improve air quality standards and recommends to strengthen air quality monitoring, modelling and plans: The criteria on monitoring and assessing ambient air quality should be coherent with other EU legislation and funding instruments. The EU should make sure that sufficient means are provided for those MSs and regions which will have to make most efforts in implementing the directive, for example through Just Transition Mechanisms. As coal regions will be the most affected throughout the transition, focus should be made to guarantee that they are well equipped with legal and financial instruments to implement the Directive. Coordination, coherence of action taken between different levels of government and a better allocation of responsibilities between the administration at the regional and local [...]
The new CEEP Policy Paper on the prospects for offshore wind development in Central Europe: how to boost offshore energy in the Baltic, Black and Adriatic seas examines the current state of affairs and future prospects of the offshore wind development in Central Europe. The scope of this paper is limited to the three sea basins (i.e. Baltic, Black and Adriatic) and their costal states: Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria and Croatia. The paper consists of two main sections, together with the conclusions and recommendations for the future. The 1st section of the report analyzes the current state of affairs of offshore wind in Central Europe, including aspects of offshore wind development potential, ongoing projects and plans, existing political and legal frameworks, and existing challenges. The 2nd section analyzes national energy and climate plans of the previously mentioned coastal states, including national targets, policies and measures, costs of necessary investments as well as national strategies in mobilizing capital, such as EU instruments and the potential for cross-border links.. The paper shows a way in which three sea basins and its coastal states differ, in terms of developmental stage, perception of opportunities and threats as well as national approach in pushing for the climate-neutrality and shaping national economies towards renewable energy sources. For more, please read the full version of our latest Policy Paper on the prospects for offshore wind development in Central [...]
We represent the widely understood Central Europe energy sector (electricity generation, distribution and transmission, renewables, gas, oil, heat generation and distribution, chemical industries, etc.), universities and scientific institutions.